Before you start planning an exercise program as a diabetic, you should know how physical exercise affects your insulin production and blood sugar levels.
If the amount of insulin circulating in the bloodstream is not enough, glucose cannot get into the cells to provide them with enough energy.
This results in an accumulation of glucose in the bloodstream. The end result is that your muscles don’t get the glucose they require, and your blood glucose climbs higher and more.
Additionally, if you exercise when your blood sugar is too high, you run the risk of ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis is a diabetes condition that can be life-threatening.
If the insulin in your system is too much, your brain will mistakenly sense that there is sufficient sugar available for your muscle, so it slows its production of sugar.
At the same time, your muscles are using all or most of the available sugar; which makes your blood sugar level drop.
This effect is not good either for your health.
You should as much as possible prevent yourself from falling into a state of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia while exercising.
Remember to always take the necessary precautions. Always test your blood sugar immediately before or after you exercise. Also, test your ketones before you begin exercising.
Ketones are substances your body produces when it starts to burn fatty acids. If your blood sugar is above 240mg/dl, check your ketone. You should not exercise till this problem has been corrected.
If you are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, you should not exercise if your blood sugar is 400mg/dl or greater.
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